3 Signs of Cellulitis You Shouldn’t Ignore

3 Signs of Cellulitis You Shouldn’t Ignore

Tooba Pasha Waqar |Jun 8, 2022

Symptoms of Cellulitis

Your skin is your body’s biggest organ. If there is anything wrong with your body, you can ensure that your skin will start showing some red flags right away. One way it shows signs of a problem is through infection. Cellulitis is one such infection that can become serious if it is not tended to right away. But what is it and what are the symptoms of cellulitis? Let’s find out.

What is Cellulitis?

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that is typically caused by bacteria penetrating the skin’s deeper layers through the top layer that is broken. It is usually due to an insect bite or a cut. This infection spreads quickly and causes a slew of inconvenient and harmful symptoms.

What Are the Symptoms of Cellulitis?

1. Swelling

As the area becomes infected, the skin starts swelling and becomes warm to the touch, and the swelling also becomes painful and red. You may also experience some tenderness, even if the swelling isn’t significant.

2. Blisters and Pitting

Alongside the swelling, cellulitis also causes blisters to form around the affected skin. The skin also becomes pitted, like an orange peel, leading to further skin sensitivity.

3. Fever and Chills

As with any infection, if you get cellulitis, your body reacts by triggering your immune system, thus causing fever and chills. This is a sign of concern. If you do develop a fever, you must seek medical attention immediately.

What Causes Cellulitis?

As stated above, when bacteria penetrate the inner layers of the skin, this causes cellulitis to break out. However, it is not only mosquito bites that lead to skin breakage, and even something like a paper cut can be the cause.

Other risk factors include chickenpox, shingles, skin conditions such as eczema and athlete’s foot, puncture wounds, bites, piercings and even tattoos.

Cellulitis also occurs due to bad hygiene or being overweight. It’s also common among people with chronic edema, so their limbs may stay swollen. Additionally, if you have longer nails, work outside, or even garden, these factors increase your chances of getting cellulitis since it is easier to get bacteria on yourself without really noticing.

How Cellulitis is Diagnosed

Please don’t waste time assuming that you will be fine when it comes to cellulitis. Cellulitis spreads on your skin, so your cellulitis will worsen if the swelling or redness spreads.

If you have an outdoor job that sometimes causes you to get nicks and cuts, or if you experience cuts and nicks because of sensitive skin, be careful of any bruise or cut you see on yourself. If you see a spot on your skin swelling and looking pitted, go to a doctor. You may be tempted to ignore it because the cut is small but swelling and inflammation are your body’s way of telling you something is wrong.

It will only take a basic physical exam by a doctor to determine whether you have cellulitis. If they see any marks in and around the swelling, they will diagnose cellulitis.

How to Medically Treat Cellulitis

Cellulitis does not go away with over-the-counter medication. Only antibiotics can eliminate the bacteria strain that is festering in the wound. Although most doctors prescribe oral antibiotics, they may also treat your infection with an intravenous (IV) antibiotic, especially if you become feverish or faint or if the swelling becomes out of control and painful. Your doctor may also advise keeping your affected limb elevated to decrease swelling.

Is Cellulitis Serious?

It is uncommon to get complications from cellulitis because most patients get treated quickly. However, if you ignore the symptoms, the condition can cause deterioration and can become severe over time.

Aside from the swelling, cellulitis can sometimes cause vein swelling if the bacteria spread too close to the skin. It can also lead to blood infections, joint infections, bone infections and infections that affect the lining of the heart valves.

The condition can also lead to necrotizing fasciitis in severe cases, which requires immediate care.

How to Prevent Cellulitis

The best tip for preventing cellulitis is to maintain good wound care.

Clean every injury, even minor injuries, with soap and water. Clean and cover the wound with a dry bandage, and do not attempt to bandage any open, gaping wounds yourself. Instead, seek medical help if the wound is severe or deep.

If you have any skin infections that cause blisters or wounds, get them treated and regularly watch your skin for any signs of infection or injury. Cellulitis can be sneaky, so it is best to stay cautious.

In Conclusion

Cellulitis isn’t severe if you take good care of your body. Keep your skin clean, and always seek medical assistance if you feel like your skin isn’t looking well. Your body will thank you for staying healthy and happy.

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Follow These 8 Tips to Prevent Balding

Elizabeth Dickson | June 8, 2022

How to Prevent Balding If balding or thinning hair is one of your worries, we have got the solutions for you. In this article, we will chat about the symptoms of balding, the causes, how to prevent balding and how to cope with hair loss. Losing a few strands of hair every day is completely normal, but what do you do when you begin losing more hair than you should? According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), 80 million people in America have hereditary hair loss (alopecia). In addition, according to the American Hair Loss Association (AHLA), approximately 25% of men who have hereditary male pattern baldness start losing their hair before the age of 21. By the age of 50, about 85% of men are bald or have significantly thinner hair. 8 Ways to Prevent Balding If genetics is the reason for your hair loss, there might not be a lot that can be done to prevent it. However, these tips can help slow down or prevent loss if other reasons are causing it: Treat your hair gently and avoid pulling; use caution when washing, brushing and styling your hair. Avoid harsh treatments, such as coloring and perms. Protect your hair from the sun; wear a hat and avoid tanning beds. Quit smoking. Some studies suggest there is a link between balding and regular smoking. Eat a balanced diet rich in nutrients and antioxidants. Avoid hot showers and shampoo that causes scalp irritation. Talk to your doctor or dietician about supplements that may help slow down your hair loss. If you are getting treatments for cancer or taking a medication that causes hair loss as a side effect, speak to your doctor about getting a cold cap or other measures to prevent hair loss. If you try the above tactics and still feel that hair loss is negatively impacting your life, it is important to seek out medical advice. First, talk to your doctor about prescription or over-the-counter treatments for hair loss. Your doctor may refer you to a dermatologist who specializes in hair loss. Hair Loss Symptoms Hair loss can look different from person to person, depending on the severity and cause. However, here are some common symptoms to watch for. Slow and Consistent Loss of Hair Starting at the Top of the Head This is the most common form of hair loss. As you age, you can experience thinning of the hair on the top of your head, especially men. In men, this typically looks like a receding hairline or thinning hair or a thinning patch on top of the head. In women, this typically looks like the widening of the part of the hair, along with loss of hair around the forehead. Sudden Loss of Hair It's as if it has become loose from your scalp. Our bodies are extremely sensitive to changes and will work hard to cope with those changes. Therefore, environmental and emotional stress can cause you to lose handfuls of hair at a time. Thankfully, this type of hair loss is typically temporary and will stop once the stressors have been addressed. [youmaylike] Patches of Hair Loss All Over the Scalp With this type of hair loss, hair consistently falls out from the same spot on your scalp. This leaves your scalp with patches or circular spots of missing hair. Not only can this affect the hair on your head, but it can also leave patches of missing hair on your face, such as in your beard or eyebrows. Loss of Both Scalp and Body Hair This type of hair loss is less common than the others. It typically only affects individuals who are taking a strong medication or treatment, such as chemotherapy. The lost hair generally regrows with ease once the treatment has stopped. Causes of Hair Loss There are several reasons why you may experience hair loss, including: Hereditary and genetic factors. Hormonal and systemic body changes. Certain medications and medical conditions. Mechanical stress, such as consistent pulling on the hair. Emotional and environmental factors. Radiation exposure. Some degree of hair loss is entirely normal. Typically, you lose between 50 to 100 strands of hair per day. New hair strands grow at about the same rate, meaning that hair loss isn't generally noticeable until you have exceeded this number.

Top 12 Foods, Supplements and Vitamins for Bariatric Surgery

Krista Bugden | June 8, 2022

Diet for Bariatric Surgery If you have tried everything within your power to lose weight or you have a health condition that prevents you from losing weight, your doctor may suggest bariatric surgery. Frequently called gastric bypass, this type of procedure often involves sealing off the top of the stomach, which decreases the amount of food you can consume and reduces nutrient absorption. As a result, it’s much easier to lose any excess weight. But what should a diet for bariatric surgery include and what can help you recover? In this article, we are going to explore all the foods, supplements and vitamins you might want to consider after your bariatric surgery. Let’s dive in! Post-Bariatric Surgery Diet Tips After bariatric surgery, you need to be cautious about what you consume. It’s recommended to: Drink at least 64 ounces of water each day. Delay drinking anything after a meal for 30 minutes. Eat slowly. Consume protein-rich foods. Avoid alcohol. Limit caffeine. Thoroughly chew each and every bite. Phase 1 Initially, you will be only allowed to consume liquids. This gives your stomach (and body) time to heal and recover. Some of these liquids may include: 1. Broth Broth is gentle and soothing on the digestive tract. In fact, it is frequently recommended for those with digestive issues due to its healing capabilities. Bone broth, in particular, contains protein and various minerals that help with your gut lining, ensuring you obtain adequate nutrition. 2. Unsweetened Juice Added sugars may irritate your stomach and digestive tract. Thus, choose unsweetened juices that naturally contain plenty of vitamins and minerals that can accelerate the healing and recovery process. You can also slowly suck on a popsicle or gelatin that is sugar-free. 3. Decaffeinated Tea or Coffee Caffeine should be avoided due to its stimulatory effects on the digestive system (which can mean you end up absorbing next to no nutrients from your food post-surgery). However, you can try decaffeinated varieties, receiving plenty of antioxidants and other nutrients. 4. Milk Milk can help you obtain adequate calcium and protein. Go for skim or 1% to avoid overloading your digestive system with too much fat. Phase 2 After a week of good tolerability of liquids, you will move on to pureed foods, making your diet a little more interesting! Typically, this means eating about three to six snacks or meals each day, with each meal taking about 30 minutes to consume. Here’s what this stage of the bariatric diet will include: 5. Pureed Fruits and Veggies Fruits and vegetables boost tons of nutrients that your body needs on a regular basis. They also come jam-packed with antioxidant and gut-friendly compounds, helping your digestive tract heal and get back on track post-surgery. 6. Pureed Lean Ground Meat While this might not sound ultra-appetizing, your body needs protein to heal and repair. Protein is the building block of the body, which means it is essential for improving your digestion as you recover. 7. Soft Scrambled Eggs Pureed foods further include soft scrambled eggs! Make sure not to overcook them, as this may make them tricky to eat. 8. Soups You can also enjoy various soups during this second week, allowing you to add variety to your daily diet. [youmaylike] Phase 3 and 4 From here, you can begin introducing soft foods, such as: Ground meat. Flaky fish. Cottage cheese. Rice. Cooked veggies. The following week, if all goes well, you can then introduce solid foods a little bit at a time. Supplements, Vitamins and Minerals Your doctor may further recommend certain supplements to guide your recovery and replace any foods you are unable to eat for the first few weeks. This is essential to prevent nutrient deficiencies and adverse health effects. Some supplements that you may be recommended include: 9. Calcium The intake of 1,200 milligrams to 2,000 milligrams of calcium can help prevent bone loss. This is especially important if you aren’t drinking milk (such as those that don’t tolerate lactose very well). 10. Vitamin D Vitamin D can be taken alongside calcium. It’s recommended to take 800 to 1,000 international units of vitamin D. Alternatively, you can also obtain vitamin D via the sun, which may mean your doctor can recommend sitting outside in the sun for 15 to 20 minutes each day. 11. Vitamin B12 B12 is an essential bariatric vitamin for energy production and is necessary for healing! It also may be hard to obtain initially when consuming only liquids since it is often found in meat and animal products. Aim for 500 micrograms daily. 12. Folic Acid and Iron Your doctor may further recommend folic acid or iron, especially if you are a woman who is currently menstruating. These are commonly lost via your monthly bleed. 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Angina vs. Heart Attack: 5 Similarities and Differences

Pamela Bandelaria | June 8, 2022

Angina vs. Heart Attack Chest pain is one of the common causes of doctor consults for adults. You may often be told that once you experience chest pain, you should consult a doctor. This is because heart disease is a serious and potentially life-threatening cause of chest pain. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. where it accounts for one out of four deaths. Coronary heart disease, what most people might consider a heart attack, is the most common type of heart disease, which occurs in about 18 million adults above the age of 20. But the question is, are people experiencing angina vs. a heart attack? This article will discuss angina vs. heart attack, how they are similar, how they are different and most importantly, when you should seek medical help. Angina vs. Heart Attack: What Are They? Angina Angina is a type of chest pain or discomfort that occurs as a result of reduced blood flow to the heart. It is the most common symptom of heart disease, experienced by around 9 million Americans. Stable Angina Angina can be stable or unstable. Stable angina occurs when chest pain is encountered in the presence of certain factors, such as emotional stress, changes in temperature or during exercise and other forms of physical activity. Usually, stable angina is referred to as chest pain upon physical exertion. This is because when faced with these factors, the heart works extra hard. Stable angina is usually relieved with rest or when medications are taken to dilate the blood vessels of the heart. Assessment and management of these patients are usually done in an outpatient setting. Unstable Angina On the other hand, unstable angina occurs when chest pain is experienced even at rest. This doesn’t go away despite resting or taking medications. If left untreated, unstable angina can lead to a heart attack. Unstable angina is a serious symptom, and immediate assessment and management must be done. Assessment and management of these patients are usually done in an inpatient setting. Heart Attack A heart attack, medically known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when the heart experiences severe blockage to blood flow and the heart doesn’t get enough oxygen, damaging the heart muscle, eventually leading to muscle death. With prolonged oxygen deprivation without medical intervention, heart attacks are fatal. Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease is not a heart attack per se, but angina and heart attacks are sequelae of blockages of the heart vessels due to coronary heart disease. Some people with coronary heart disease might not show any signs or symptoms. For other people with coronary heart disease, they will not experience angina, and a heart attack is the first sign of coronary heart disease. [youmaylike] The Similarities and Differences 1. Similarity: Symptom Presentation Angina and heart attacks are similar in their presentation. People who experience these usually present with chest pain. The type of chest pain can be the same. People with angina or heart attack usually describe their chest pain as a squeezing, stabbing or crushing type of pain. Sometimes the pain can radiate or extend to other areas of the body, such as in the shoulder or arms, jaw and neck, abdomen or back. There can also be an accompanying difficulty of breathing or a feeling of fatigue. Because of this, people think that angina is a heart attack. 2. Similarity: Causes The cause of angina and heart attacks can be similar as well. Angina and heart attacks can be due to blockage of the heart vessels due to increased cholesterol levels or blood clots, which cause physical blockage or high blood pressure that leads to muscle thickening, leading to narrowing of the blood vessel cavity. 3. Similarity: Risk Factors Risk factors for angina and heart attacks are also similar, including: High cholesterol levels. Persistently high or poorly controlled blood pressure. Smoking. Diabetes. Obesity. Poor lifestyle (sedentary activity, poor diet). Family history of heart disease. It is safe to say that in order to avoid angina vs. heart attack, you should minimize having these risks, especially avoiding those that are within your control. 4. Difference: Condition Classification Although angina and a heart attack have their similarities, they differ greatly in many ways. Angina is a symptom and usually pertains to an underlying coronary heart disease, while a heart attack or myocardial infarction is a disease in itself. 5. Difference: Severity Angina, especially stable angina, only occurs during physical exertion or in the presence of other factors. It is not usually life-threatening, whereas heart attacks are usually life-threatening, can occur suddenly and even at rest warrant immediate medical care. Needless to say, any type of chest pain, whether it is stable angina or not, needs the evaluation of your nearest physician. When Should You Seek Medical Attention? When experiencing chest pain, it is important to differentiate musculoskeletal and other nonspecific causes of chest pain from serious cardiovascular conditions. It is important to consult a physician for any new onset of chest pain so that it can be evaluated to catch serious heart or lung conditions early. Urgent medical attention should be given to those who experience chest pain that persists for more than 15 minutes, chest pain experienced at rest or chest pain associated with other symptoms, such as shortness of breath, sweating, vomiting or loss of consciousness. Do not delay consulting for these kinds of chest pain. It can save a life.